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Cyber attacks are rewriting the 'rules' of modern warfare—and we aren't prepared for the consequences

Cyber attacks are rewriting the 'rules' of modern warfare—and we aren't prepared for the consequences (Expert Blogs and Opinion)

How to respond to cyber attacks Israeli Defence Forces bombed a building allegedly housing Hamas hackers, after they had attempted to, according to the IDF, attack "Israeli targets" online. This is the first time a cyber attack has been met with physical force by a state's military. There is no consensus on whether a state is responsible for a cyber attack originating from its networks if it did not have explicit knowledge of the attack. This can be lawfully bypassed if a state can claim they're defending themselves against an "armed attack". The International Court of Justice explains that: "It will be necessary to distinguish between the most grave forms of the use of force (those constituting an armed attack) from other less grave forms." So a cyber-attack would justify force as self-defence if it could be considered an "armed attack". Only when the "scale" and "effect" of a cyber-attack are comparable to an offline "armed attack", such as attacks that lead to deaths and widespread damage to infrastructure.

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