About three decades ago, military intelligence agencies introduced the concept of cyber fusion. They leveraged the concept to collaborate with various intelligence communities and obtain an in-depth understanding of the threat landscape. Thereafter, the idea gained more prominence post 9/11 attack, when the 9/11 commission recommended establishing fusion centers to promote collaboration between law enforcement agencies via threat intelligence sharing. Today, cyber fusion is gaining traction in the cybersecurity industry and modern-day organizations are espousing this advanced technology for the elimination of silos, enhanced threat visibility, and increased cyber resilience and collaboration between teams.
Introduction to Cyber Fusion
Cyber fusion offers a more proactive and unified approach to dealing with potential threats by bridging the gap between multiple teams through intelligence synthesis and inter-team collaboration. It also provides for the fusion of contextualized strategic, tactical, and operational threat intelligence
for rapid threat prediction, detection, analysis, and incident response.
Why are Cyber Fusion Centers Important?
For quick threat response, modern-day organizations need real-time threat intelligence sharing and improved collaboration with disparate security teams. This becomes a reality with a cyber fusion
-driven approach that enables automatic ingestion of threat data from various sources and brings different security teams together to quickly detect, prioritize, and respond to incidents and threats. Subsequently, security teams can make informed decisions and take necessary actions.
capability to amalgamate threat intelligence with various security functions supports the constant flow of threat intelligence among different teams and fortifies several security processes, fostering visibility and collaboration across security teams.
By bringing together technologies, teams, and processes under one roof, cyber fusion enables security teams to orchestrate and automate security workflows. Organizations catering to the cybersecurity domain are building virtual cyber fusion centers (vCFCs) that deliver advanced security orchestration and automation
(SOAR) integration capabilities, allowing security teams to automate threat response workflows across cloud and on-premise environments. Irrespective of the geographical location of the teams, a vCFC amalgamates all the security functions in an integrated and collaborative manner. In a nutshell, cyber fusion-driven collaboration empowers teams to leverage SOAR
, allowing them to handle incident management and proactively defend against threats.
Security automation powered by cyber fusion expedites monotonous security operations involved in incident response. The impact of cyber fusion on incident response
can be seen while detecting and responding to threats in real-time. From gathering malware intelligence to executing processes and addressing threats, cyber fusion helps security teams effectively handle alerts without manual intervention. By automating incident response, cyber fusion aids security teams in focusing their time on more vital and productive tasks.
Furthermore, several facets make cyber fusion imperative in today’s complex threat landscape. One of them is its ability to leverage robust technologies such as artificial intelligence and machine learning to act on the threat information collected from internal and external sources. While internal sources include UEBA, SIEMs, Antivirus, EDR tools, and IDS/IPS, external sources consist of ISACs and ISAOs
, CERTs, commercial threat intelligence feed providers, RSS feeds, research reports, threat intel reports, OSINT
, and regulatory advisories.
What are the Key Elements of Cyber Fusion Centers?
The cyber fusion approach focuses on integrating threat intelligence across all security aspects of an organization to tackle the targeted threats. This strategy allows security teams to contextualize insights into malicious activities and meaningfully orchestrate cybersecurity
operations across the network. Cyber fusion helps in building threat intelligence programs that offer improved security integration enabling security teams to detect and respond to threats in a faster and smarter way.
Detecting cyber threats in a timely manner is the primary factor in building a robust defense. Threat response teams can use the intelligence collected in cyber fusion platforms to automatically validate the malicious behavior of the threats. The orchestration and automation capabilities of a cyber fusion solution allow security teams to block command and control (C2) communication and isolate the infected device. Cyber fusion
enables an effective containment of the threat to prevent the network-wide spread and allows defenders to actively monitor all their assets by orchestrating existing security tools such as SIEM
, IDS/IPS, TIPs, EDR, and Firewalls.
With volumes of threat data generated every day, security teams find it difficult to manage. In this challenging scenario, cyber fusion capabilities can help reduce the workload on security teams and enhance the threat analysis process. Through its orchestration and automation features
, cyber fusion-based platforms can integrate with a variety of existing security solutions
such as SIEM
, Firewall, IPS, IDS, and more. Such platforms are capable of combining and analyzing the threat intelligence received from external TI providers, internal sources from a security operations center (SOC), and other intelligence gathered from historical incidents and deducing actionable insights.
Threat hunting refers to an exercise that security teams perform to scrutinize malicious activities within the organizational vicinity that do not trigger an alert. In this process, security teams need to know which threats to look for and how to search for them. As the techniques and tactics used by threat actors are continuously evolving, security teams need to employ a cyber fusion-based approach to fully realize the threat hunting process. A cyber fusion platform collects and connects threat data from a wide range of internal and external sources. With combined threat intelligence on vulnerabilities, malware, threat actors, and previous incidents, cyber fusion platforms can serve as a single central repository for every type of threat intelligence. Such platforms allow threat hunters to connect the dots between different threat elements and effectively target threats hiding in their network through actionable and contextual intelligence
thereby improving the efficiency of overall threat hunting operations.
Responding to threats as quickly as possible is one of the most significant concerns of security teams. An effective threat response requires collaboration between incident response
teams, threat intelligence teams, DevOps personnel, senior executives, and others. Due to the complexity involved in this process, organizations need to overcome the challenges that increase their time to respond. In such situations, cyber fusion allows security teams to connect the dots using contextual intelligence gained from its incident correlation capability, and unlike traditional incident response platforms, cyber fusion solutions
focus on all kinds of threats including malware, vulnerabilities, threat actors, and previous incidents. In addition, they provide a comprehensive incident management workflow to reduce noise, false alarms, and response time with relevant threat intelligence ingestion. Cyber fusion
provides a holistic view of the threat environment and covers every dimension of threat response.
Benefits of Cyber Fusion Centers
Often there is a gap between security operations, threat intelligence, and threat response teams due to a shortage of meaningful collaboration, use of different security solutions
, and substantially varying visions of teams. This leads to siloed teams and leads to the trapping of appropriate threat intelligence in security controls.
To eliminate these silos in response operations, organizations need to build cyber fusion centers
, allowing security teams to work together through a shared platform, develop mutual learnings, and help each other with critical threat information for a holistic response.
In a cyber fusion
center, threat response is coordinated with strategic
, and operational threat intelligence
, making security teams aware of the changing scenarios in real time. In essence, the cyber fusion approach allows the creation of common conscience, synthesis of goals of various teams to build a common vision, and improved teamwork against threats impacting enterprises. The approach transfigures the unknown into the known and prepares organizations to better understand and examine the entire threat picture. This constant understanding of the threat environment in real-time empowers organizations to move beyond just knowledge and toward advancement by providing greater context and visibility into adversaries’ conduct and tactics.
Difference between Cyber Fusion Center and SOC
A cyber fusion center is more advanced than traditional SOCs
as it incorporates detection, threat hunting, response, security automation and threat intelligence operationalization into one single unit. Essentially, a cyber fusion center
is built to develop collaboration between different teams within an organization such as IT operations, SecOps, DevOps, and others to boost overall readiness and response to threats.
With different teams working in liaison, information and actions can be shared and exchanged between them in a multidirectional manner. Ergo, an organization can experience improved collaboration between its teams and quickly determine and address the loopholes in the existing processes.
Serving as a single source of truth for important stakeholders and decision-makers, cyber fusion enables them to monitor all the critical parameters and have a common goal with respect to the security functions. Furthermore, cyber fusion combines and investigates all the threat data collected from different security tools in one place to determine high confidence actionable threat intelligence
Cyware’s Cyber Fusion Solutions
With looming cyber threats and the risk they pose, organizations must adopt a well-organized and holistic security strategy to keep ahead of the adversaries. By building cyber fusion capabilities, companies can buttress their security framework to tackle the threats coming their way. Cyware’s virtual cyber fusion solution
allows organizations to build a cyber fusion center
without replacing their existing SOC infrastructure
. Cyware’s cyber fusion suite comprises modular integrated platforms:
A mobile-enabled, automated, strategic threat intelligence, aggregation, processing, and sharing platform for real-time alert dissemination and enhanced collaboration between an organization’s security teams or an ISAC/ISAO and its members.
An innovative threat intelligence platform (TIP) to automatically aggregate, enrich, and analyze threat indicators in a collaborative ecosystem.
A TIP for growing security teams that comes with premium feeds, enrichment, and automation capabilities at a fraction of the cost of other TIPs.
An exclusive threat intelligence processing and collaboration platform for ISAC/ISAO members to operationalize threat intelligence in a trusted sharing environment.
An any-to-any vendor-agnostic orchestration platform for connecting and automating cyber, IT, and DevOps workflows across the cloud, on-premise, and hybrid environments.
A full-incident analysis and response platform, designed to facilitate collaboration between disparate security teams against malware, vulnerabilities, and threat actors affecting digital and human assets in real-time.