The present era is signified by a constantly growing number of cybercriminals leveraging new and diverse techniques to exploit both organizations and individuals alike. To tackle these threats, many companies adopt the “monitor and response” cybersecurity strategy. The Security Operations Center (SOC) is largely responsible for this strategy within an enterprise.
The purpose of the SOC team is to detect, identify, investigate and respond to security incidents that could impact the organization’s infrastructure, services and customers. The goal of this team is to detect and contain attacks or intrusions in the shortest time frame possible as well as reduce the impact, damage and recovery costs of the incident. This is achieved by using a combination of technology solutions and streamlined processes for real-time monitoring and analysis of potentially suspicious behaviour across networks and systems that could be indicative of a security incident or compromise. The SOC team generally works closely with the organization’s incident response team to ensure potential security risks or issues are addressed without delay.
A Cyber Fusion Center is an advanced version of this model that embodies detection, response, threat hunting, threat intelligence sharing and data sciences. This entity is designed to unify disparate teams within an organization like SecOps, IT operations, physical security, product development, fraud and others - to boost overall threat intelligence, accelerate incident response speed and reduce organizational costs and risks.
Essentially, this unit involves the orchestration and coordination of several different, but related, teams to increase operational effectiveness, readiness and response to cyber threats. This is accomplished through the collaborative and streamlined communication of tactical cyber threat intelligence, relevant indicators of compromise and analysis of potential threats/risks before they impact.
Why are they important?
Both SOC and CFC models are effective in improving an organization’s security incident detection and response capabilities. The monitoring capabilities of a SOC team gives organizations the ability to better defend against incidents and intrusions, reduce mean time to response (MTTR) and stay on top of threats that could target their environments.
The CFC offers a more proactive and unified approach to dealing with potential threats by bridging the gap between multiple teams through intelligence synthesis and inter-team collaboration. It also provides for the fusion of contextualized strategic, tactical and operational threat intelligence for rapid threat prediction, detection, analysis and incident response.
When dealing with evolving cybercriminals and security threats, pervasive visibility enables organizations to identify suspicious patterns, quickly respond to them and mitigate more effectively. Cyber Fusion and SOC are closely connected entities of the incident response chain that are vital for an organization to gain greater visibility of its networks and systems, their posture against threats, and developing an appropriate set of processes to address and mitigate them.